1. The Commission, and the Member States shall facilitate the drawing up of codes of conduct intended to encourage the voluntary application to AI systems other than high-risk AI systems of one or more of the requirements set out in Title III, Chapter 2 of this Regulation to the best extent possible, taking into account the available, technical solutions allowing for the application of such requirements.
2. The Commission and the Member States shall facilitate the drawing up of codes of conduct intended to encourage the voluntary application to all AI systems of specific requirements related, for example, to environmental sustainability, including as regards energy-efficient programming, accessibility for persons with a disability, stakeholders participation in the design and development of the AI systems and diversity of development teams on the basis of clear objectives and key performance indicators to measure the achievement of those objectives. The Commission and the Member States shall also facilitate, where appropriate, the drawing of codes of conduct applicable on a voluntary basis with regard to users' obligations in relation to AI systems.
3. Codes of conduct applicable on a voluntary basis may be drawn up by individual providers of AI systems or by organisations representing them or by both, including with the involvement of users and any interested stakeholders and their representative organisations, or, where appropriate, by users with regard to their obligations. Codes of conduct may cover one or more AI systems taking into account the similarity of the intended purpose of the relevant systems.
4. The Commission and the Member States shall take into account the specific interests and needs of SME providers, including start-ups, when encouraging and facilitating the drawing up of codes of conduct referred to in this Article.
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